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Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Immunology

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Quantiferon-TB Gold

Quantiferon is an ELISA based interferon gamma release assay. Whole blood is stimulated overnight with Mycobacteria Tuberculosis (TB) specific antigens, positive control or a nil control. Interferon gamma concentration from the plasma is measured by ELISA.

Purpose of test

This is similar to the TB ELISpot and is particularly suitable for screening large numbers of healthy people in contact tracing or health care worker screening. This test is not suitable for patients on immunosuppressive drugs or have an immunodeficiency e.g. HIV. TB ELISpot should be performed in these circumstances. Quantiferon assay cannot distinguish between latent and active TB infection.

For detailed recommendations please see NICE clinical guideline 117 (CG117), issued March 2011 (http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg117).

Specimen requirements

Special quantiferon collection tubes are required for this test.

  • Patients blood should be collected into all 3 Quantiferon blood tubes which contain the antigen (red), mitogen (purple) and negative control (grey).
  • Each tube must contain 1ml of blood. More or less than 1ml renders the test inaccurate; such samples will not be tested and repeat samples will be requested.
  • The samples must arrive within 16 hours of venepuncture otherwise the test should not be performed.
  • Samples must not be refrigerated.

Cost

Price on application

Laboratory turnaround time

7 working days

Laboratory method

N/A

Reference range/units

N/A

Associated tests

TB ELISpot

Shipping and storage

See specimen requirements

Further information and contact details

For further information, email immunology.office@nhs.net